The origins of Parliament go back to the 12th century with the Magna Carta when nobles confronted King John, demanding a share in his power. The first Parliament was summoned by King Edward I in 1295. By the fourteenth century, two distinct houses, the House of Commons (involving elected representatives from counties, towns and cities) and the House of Lords (involving nobility who inherit their title and position in Parliament, and clergy) emerged. The Bill of Rights was drawn in 1689, establishing Parliament’s authority over the monarch to pass and repeal laws. The 1707 Act of Union between England and Scotland replaced the individual Parliaments of the two nations with a new Parliament of Great Britain. The 1800 Act of Union with Ireland, abolished the Dublin Parliament and Irish Members of Parliament and Lords were represented in the Westminster Parliament building which is located in London, within the City of Westminster, along the Thames River…near Buckingham Palace (the Monarch) and the centre of London (the Prime Minister). On the Southeast corner of the Houses of Parliament stands Big Ben which owes its existence to a fire in 1834 that destroyed most of the building in which Parliament met. A commission was set up to choose a new building design and the winning design, submitted by Charles Barry, included a clock tower. In 1848, the Astronomer Royal, Sir George Airey, and barrister (lawyer) Edmund Denison, who was also an amateur watchmaker, took charge of designing the clock and Edward Dent was given the job of building it. The “Great Clock” went into action in 1859. Although the Clock Tower is often called Big Ben, this is actually the nickname of the bell housed within the Clock Tower..and Big Ben’s official name is the “Great Bell.” It took a team of sixteen horses to pull the trolley on which the bell was placed, to the tower. No one knows the exact origins of the name “Big Ben” but it is thought that the bell inside the clock was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, a heavy set man and the First Commissioner of Works, who was known in the House of Commons as Big Ben.
Horse Brass: Big Ben and Houses of Parliament
Horse Brass: Big Ben and Houses of Parliament.
Made by ARMAC Brassworks, Birmingham, England.
Individually hand cast using only the finest British brass.
Hand Filed to remove any rough edges left after casting.
Hand polished to enhance the natural beauty of high quality brass.
ARMAC has been producing quality brassware for more than 75 years. Cast using a pure first-run ingot brass mix rich in copper for superior colour and durability. Edges are hand filed to remove any rough spots left from the smelting process and hand polished at the foundry to bring out the true beauty of quality solid brass.
|Dimensions||3.50 × 3.00 × .16 in|